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Tóm tắt: Cám ơn TS. Võ Tòng Xuân đã gửi bản tin này tới
web Việt Linh. 7/2003
Cám ơn TS. Võ Tòng Xuân đã gửi bản tin này tới
web Việt Linh. 7/2003
development in the United States.
increasingly popular in the USA, where its consumption has had a revolutionary
development, far better than the most optimistic prospects. USA Trade Statistics
also show that the US market has developed from "zero" to almost 70
000 MT (product weight) in 10 years.
In the period January-April 2003 the imports of tilapia to the US increased by
30% compared to the same period last year, from 20 000 MT to 26 000 MT. The
imports of fresh and frozen fillets are increasing. In the period January-April
2003 the imports of frozen fillets increased by more than 100% compared to the
same period in 2002. Fresh fillets increased by 40%, while whole frozen tilapia
is slightly decreasing.
Ecuador and Costa
Rica are the main suppliers of fresh tilapia fillets to the US market, while
China and Taiwan Province of China supply the bulk of the frozen fillets and
The US import
statistics show that average price for tilapia fillets has been quite stable for
the past three years.
is also increasing in Europe
significantly increased its import of tilapia; however tilapia is not registered
as a separate commodity item by the great part of the countries statistics, but
registered together with several freshwater species, so the actual import to
EU-countries is unknown.
of China and USA are the only countries which register tilapia separately in the
trade statistics, and Taiwan Province of China is the main supplier of tilapia
to Europe. Taiwanese Province of China export statistics show that exports to
Europe have grown from 889 MT in 1996 to almost 8 000 MT in 2002.
The total exports
of whole frozen tilapia from Taiwan Province of China in 2002 was 39 000, of
this 22 400 MT were exported to USA and 7 300 MT to Europe. Taiwan Province of
China exports to Europe were for a value of approximately 7.8 million USD, with
UK as the largest importing country.
In 2002 Taiwan Province of China exported 4 500 MT frozen tilapia fillets, of
this 600 MT, to a value of approximately 2.6 million USD, came in to the
European market, with Germany and Netherlands as the largest importers.
Other suppliers of tilapia to EU are Indonesia, Thailand, China, Viet Nam,
Malaysia, USA, Costa Rica, Jamaica, Zimbabwe and Uganda.
Zimbabwe exports approximately 700 MT tilapia fillets to Europe, whereof 80%
is fresh and 20% frozen. Prices for farmed fresh tilapia fillets have been
stable over the last two years. Uganda supplies mainly fillets of wild tilapia
and prices are lower than for the farmed tilapia. The price/kg for wild caught
fresh tilapia fillets from Uganda is around €5.30 which is €1,75 cheaper
than the farmed tilapia fillets from Zimbabwe.
Tilapia is sold both through retail and the hotel/restaurant segments. The value
addition made to the fillets is usually in form of packaging, while there is
also some production of prepared dishes.
On all continents tilapia production is increasing. Most of the tilapia
produced is consumed domestically. In Brazil, which has one of the fastest
growing tilapia industries in the Americas, the production of tilapia is rapidly
expanding. So far, most of the production is consumed domestically, but
production is growing faster than consumption, so Brazil needs to find export
markets for tilapia, which are most likely to be other countries in the region
as well as the USA. In June 2003 the Brazilian Ex-pond price for whole tilapia
is $1/kg, while retail prices are $3/kg whole frozen, and $5/kg fillets frozen.
O U T L O O K
American Tilapia Association has estimated that this year the world tilapia
aquaculture production will reach 1.5 million MT this year and 2 million MT by
The month of June has been "a strange month" according to an
importer of tilapia, with low demand and prices going down every week. Unusually
hot weather in many Europeean countries, is probably one of the reasons for
lower demand this month, which also means lower prices. The strong € also
creates pressure and competition as it makes an attractive market for frozen
tilapia from China and Taiwan Provice of China.
© 2003 FAO
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